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In 2008, the top five opposition parties were the Unity for Democracy and Justice led by Judge Birtukan Mideksa, United Ethiopian Democratic Forces led by Dr. Beyene Petros, Oromo Federalist Democratic Movement led by Dr. Bulcha Demeksa, Oromo People's Congress led by Dr. Merera Gudina, and United Ethiopian Democratic Party – Medhin Party led by Lidetu Ayalew. Over 44 million people (nearly half the population) do not have access to clean water. [326] However, the success of the National Mental Health Strategy has been limited. The majority of this population came from Somalia (approximately 64,300 persons), Eritrea (41,700) and Sudan (25,900). Lees de richtlijnen. Internationale luchthaven Addis Ababa Bole. [243], The country's population is highly diverse, containing over 80 different ethnic groups. [9] Arabic, which also belongs to the Afroasiatic family, is likewise spoken in some areas. Although the opposition vote increased in the election, both the opposition and observers from the European Union and elsewhere stated that the vote did not meet international standards for fair and free elections. In less elevated regions, particularly the lower lying Ethiopian xeric grasslands and shrublands in the east of the country, the climate can be significantly hotter and drier. The Ethiopian Highlands are the largest continuous mountain ranges in Africa, and the Sof Omar Caves contains the largest cave on the continent. The predominant climate type is tropical monsoon, with wide topographic-induced variation. [304], Most poor families (75%) share their sleeping quarters with livestock, and 40% of children sleep on the floor, where nighttime temperatures average 5 degrees Celsius in the cold season. The sole internet service provider is the national telecommunications firm Ethio Telecom. [261] Among these, the Bole International Airport in Addis Ababa and the Aba Tenna Dejazmach Yilma International Airport in Dire Dawa accommodate international flights. Ethiopia has sub-Saharan Africa's longest basketball tradition as it established a national basketball team in 1949. They were charged with trying to create an Islamic state in the majority Christian country. During this period, the difference between the daytime maximum temperatures and the night-time minimum temperatures is not as great as during other times of the year, with minimum temperatures in the range of 10–15 °C (50–59 °F). Ook bieden we transparantie over de status van de inhoud ervan. [176][177] Egypt has opposed the dam, fearing that it will reduce the amount of water it receives from the Nile. After it ensued, it claimed the election, amidst charges of fraud and intimidation. This situation forced the EPRDF-led Federal Government to assign a temporary administration until a new election was carried out. At the beginning of the 20th century, around 420,000 km2 (or 35%) of Ethiopia's land was covered by trees, but recent research indicates that forest cover is now approximately 11.9% of the area. [citation needed] It is a relatively clean and safe city, with the most common crimes being pickpocketing, scams and minor burglary. [159] The state of emergency was lifted in August 2017.[160]. "People are demanding their rights," he said. The ancient Hebrew texts identify Nubia instead as Kush. Time in Ethiopia is counted differently from most countries. On 16 February 2018, the government of Ethiopia declared a six-month nationwide state of emergency following the resignation of Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn. Most modern historians consider this civilization to be a native Ethiopian one, although Sabaean-influenced because of the latter's hegemony of the Red Sea. History. [93] On 10 March 1889, Yohannes IV was killed by the Sudanese Khalifah Abdullah's army whilst leading his army in the Battle of Gallabat (also called Battle of Metemma). There is also Menelik's old Imperial palace which remains the official seat of government, and the National Palace formerly known as the Jubilee Palace (built to mark Emperor Haile Selassie's Silver Jubilee in 1955) which is the residence of the President of Ethiopia. Thousands of animal bones, hundreds of stone tools, and ancient fireplaces were discovered, revealing a diet that featured giant mole rats. [304] The low productivity of agriculture leads to inadequate incomes for farmers, hunger, malnutrition and disease. However, Ge'ez, the ancient Semitic language of Ethiopia, is thought to have developed independently from Sabaean, one of the South Semitic languages. Ali I founded the town of Debre Tabor in the Amhara Region, which became the dynasty's capital.[99]. Ethiopia is the largest and most populated country in the Horn of Africa. Intercity bus service is provided by the Lion City Bus Services. The Land Reform Act was meant to increase agriculture since food production was not keeping up with population growth over the period of 1970–1983. [15][16] The research indicated that genetic diversity decreases steadily the farther one's ancestors traveled from Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.[17][18]. Thus, the first day of the Ethiopian year, 1 Mäskäräm, for years between 1901 and 2099 (inclusive), is usually 11 September (Gregorian), but falls on 12 September in years before the Gregorian leap year. This had the effect of discouraging external financing of hydropower and irrigation projects in western Ethiopia, thereby impeding water resource-based economic development projects. The highest temperature on record was 30.6 °C (87.1 °F) 26 February 2019, while the lowest temperature on record was 0 °C (32 °F) recorded on multiple occasions. Hier en daaR valt er een steekje, handdoek te weinig, lampje , maar het wordt wel weer snel weer opgelost. [46] The most well known hominid discovery is Australopithecus afarensis (Lucy). In East Africa, over 95% of cross-border trade is through unofficial channels. [40], In the 15th-century Ge'ez Book of Aksum, the name is ascribed to a legendary individual called Ityopp'is. [107] As the majority of the Ethiopian population lived in rural towns, Italy faced continued resistance and ambushes in urban centres throughout its occupation. 22 Mazzoria Haile G/Silassie Ave Next to Ministry of Water and Energy, Addis Abeba 18786 Ethiopië. Italian is still spoken by few parts of the population, mostly among older generations, and is taught in many schools (most notably the Istituto Statale Italiano Omnicomprensivo di Addis Abeba). Mijn verblijf in het Capital Hotel was uitstekend. Capital Hotel and Spa is een fantastische keuze voor reizigers in Addis Abeba. Federal legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament. [22], Other scholars regard Dʿmt as the result of a union of Afroasiatic-speaking cultures of the Cushitic and Semitic branches; namely, local Agaw peoples and Sabaeans from South Arabia. The Mayor of Addis Ababa is Engineer Takele Uma Benti from the Oromo Democratic Party, ODP formerly Oromo People Democratic Organisation (OPDO), which is the member of the ruling coalition Ethiopian Peoples Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF). [2], Languages of Addis Ababa as of 2007 Census[37], In the previous census, conducted in 1994, the city's population was reported to be 2,112,737, of whom 1,023,452 were men and 1,089,285 were women. Geografie. Populaire kamervoorzieningen zijn minibar, airconditioning en flatscreen-tv. [187], Citizens have little access to media other than the state-owned networks, and most private newspapers struggle to remain open and suffer periodic harassment from the government. Bezit of beheert u deze gelegenheid? [22], After the fall of Dʿmt during the fourth century BC, the Ethiopian plateau came to be dominated by smaller successor kingdoms. [246], Ethiopia also has the 5th largest inventory of cattle. [54] Other scholars propose that the Afroasiatic family developed in situ in the Horn, with its speakers subsequently dispersing from there. According to official statistics from the federal government, some 119,197 people in the city are engaged in trade and commerce; 113,977 in manufacturing and industry; 80,391 Homemakers of different variety; 71,186 in civil administration; 50,538 in transport and communication; 42,514 in education, health and social services; 32,685 in hotel and catering services; and 16,602 in agriculture. Addis Ababa is therefore often referred to as "the political capital of Africa" for its historical, diplomatic and political significance for the continent. Staff were so helpful. [141][142] In 1994, a new constitution was written that established a parliamentary republic with a bicameral legislature and a judicial system. Ja, ze bieden zakencentrum, vergaderkamers en feestzaal. [117], Opinion within Ethiopia turned against Haile Selassie I owing to the worldwide 1973 oil crisis. When Emperor Susenyos I converted to Roman Catholicism in 1624, years of revolt and civil unrest followed, resulting in thousands of deaths. Foutmelding: When changes to a habitat occur rapidly, animals do not have time to adjust. [39] This Greek name was borrowed into Amharic as ኢትዮጵያ, ʾĪtyōṗṗyā. This oil crisis caused a sharp increase in gasoline prices starting on 13 February 1974; food shortages; uncertainty regarding the succession; border wars; and discontent in the middle class created through modernization. [171] In September 2018 in the minorities protest that took place in Oromo near the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa, 23 people were killed. [225] In the following May, the government held "Dine for Sheger", a fundraising event in order to cover some of the $1 billion needed through the public. Addis Ababa lies at an elevation of 2,355 metres (7,726 ft) and is a grassland biome, located at 9°1′48″N 38°44′24″E / 9.03000°N 38.74000°E / 9.03000; 38.74000. Mid-November to January is a season for occasional rain. In the 1970s and 1980s, Ethiopia experienced civil conflicts and communist purges, which hindered its economy. There are on average seven hours of sunshine per day. The strategic outlook for Mengistu quickly deteriorated. [50] Additionally, skeletons of Homo sapiens idaltu were found at a site in the Middle Awash valley. In 1875 and 1876, Turkish/Egyptian forces, accompanied by many European and American 'advisors', twice invaded Abyssinia but were initially defeated: once at the Battle of Gundet losing 800 men, and then in the second invasion, decisively defeated by Emperor Yohannes IV at the Battle of Gura on 7 March 1875, where the invading forces lost at least 3000 men by death or captured.

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